Key subject | 78 | Florence Classical Arts Academy

KEY SUBJECTS

PAINTING

“High and serious art cannot exist without science. And science in its highest expression becomes an art.” 

P. Chistyakov ​

 

Students go through the educational process and grow by performing tasks which increase in complexity with each new exercise. The main emphasis at the Florence Classical Arts Academy is the training of the students’ eye and the development of their artistic taste. The educational process is based on the analytical approach to painting. Professors set a certain task for the student and then check how they are completed. In this way, the student gains skills in working with the painting step by step from basic to complex. Working on the painting analytically includes the ability to “open” the canvas, which means to look for the overall color palette and aim to match it to real life colors and perceive those as large color spot. Detailed analysis of the color relationships comes second to it. The painting should appear complete at each given stage of its development. This method has been applied by the Russian Academic school for many centuries.

 

Leonardo da Vinci wrote: “The painter who draws merely by practice and by eye, without any reason, is like a mirror which copies everything placed in front of it without being conscious of their existence.”

For this very reason at the Florence Classical Arts Academy students are taught how to analyze their model instead of simply reproducing what they see. Different subjects like Drawing, Perspective, Anatomy, Chromatics and Composition, give beginner artists the essential knowledge. This enables them to identify their own mistakes in the process of painting and to correct them. This method teaches a student to become independant thinker and a creative visionary. 

DRAWING

“One must know how to draw before one becomes an artist. It is because the ability to draw is the basis for the art. These skills should be developed from early years so that the artist as soon as he starts thinking and feeling, can express and convey his thoughts accurately and without any hindrance, so that the pencil can run at the artist’s will and thought.”

K. Brullov

 

The Drawing Department aims to fulfill this educational task. As drawing is the basis for visual artistic activity, the Florence Classical Arts Academy puts particular emphasis on the forming and developing of students’ knowledge and skills in the field of academic drawing. The fundamental principle for the drawing classes is the analytical approach to producing the art work. Drawings should progress methodically, stage by stage. Those students who follow strictly and diligently the professors’ directions, developing their work stage by stage, will be able to advance their skills in academic drawing. Our professors guide the students through the steps in drawing gradually and methodically; moving from the initial stage which enables one to see proportions and perspective. And than focusing on more complex aspects, such as tone and detail. And finally, the student is able to convey one’s artistic vision.

 

The great Russian artist Iliya Repin once said: “Never-ceasing drawing from life is the highest and the surest school”.

That’s why the Florence Classical Arts Academy program is based on drawing from real life and not on the mechanical copying. This method has been proven effective by generations of great artists starting from the Renaissance. Goethe wrote: “One shouldn’t forget that if you push your student without sufficient artistic knowledge and experience to learn from real life, you will lead him away from both real life and art”. At the Russian Academy of Art students are taught how to draw by being immersed in the art of draftsmanship stage by stage. Our practice of individual attention to each student enables you to steadily progress in your theoretical knowledge and technical skills. 

COMPOSITION

“Stating that  composition  cannot  be  analyzed  from  the scientific and methodological point of view is particularly strange considering the fact that any  composition  of any  kind of  visual   art  is  always    designed   and   planned beforehand. The  foundations  of learning  draftsmanship and painting are closely connected with  the  principles of composition".          

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Aleksandr Deyneka

Composition is the core subject at the Florence Classical Arts Academy. While creating a composition, artists can express their thoughts and unleash their potential. Composition also reveals how skilled the student is as a draftsman and as a painter. As composition is a highly creative, artistic activity which embodies students' ideas, it demonstrates how much one masters the brush and the paint.

Our professors generously share their experience and professional secrets, helping students to develop their artistic taste and skills. With diligence and dedication, the student will surely learn how to find original compositional solutions, to convey tragedy or joy through harmonious color combinations, to depict a story that will touch the viewer.

Composition while combining painting and drawing goes beyond them both, allowing one's idea to truly unfold. Composition uncovers various skills of the students such as working on portrait, figure, draperies, landscape, following perspective and anatomy rules. 

 ARTISTIC ANATOMY

Each academic year there are six weeks in total dedicated to full-time intensive anatomy studies. In the course of this program, one learns about a complete scheme of the human body, adapted and improved from the one taught in Russian academies. Anatomy for the artist gives essential knowledge about the structure, proportions, and features of the human body. It teaches direct application of anatomy information to artistic drawing.

 

Course objectives:

 

  • To increase awareness of the skeletal structure

  • To instill into the mind a full image of the human figure,   proportions & plains

  • To understand the proportional system and learn key points of the human body

  • To study a constructive drawing approach, properly using perspective rules in creating a 3D image 

  • To visualize complex forms in simpler geometrical layout                         

       Syllabus:

  • Skeleton in three projections

  • Skull

  • Rib cage and spinal column

  • Pelvic bones

  • Major joints: elbow and knee

  • Hands and feet

  • Muscles of the head and the neck

  • Muscles of the torso - front & back

  • Muscles   of   the   lower   limbs

  • Muscles of the hands and feet

  • Schematic model of full figure

  • Introduction to comparison anatomy (horse, dog and etc.)

       Included in the curriculum is a course on physiognomy:

  •  

  • Character creating

  • Learning about the emotional scale

  • Depicting each phase of human emotion 

 

 

RESTORATION

This program is composed according to the requirement for high professional education. The Academy is currently realizing a restoration project of an antique original painting of large dimension under collaboration with one of the key museums of Florence - Palazzo Pitti. Part of the curriculum of the program includes copying paintings of old masters and learning their original techniques. Upon completion of the Three-Year Course the student receives the Diploma. Upon completion of One-Year Course the students receives the Certificate.

 

Course Goals:

The students of the Restoration Department will be preparing for the following career paths:

  • Conservative restoration activity

  • Scientific research 

  • Research project activity

  • Expertise

       Study goals of One-Year Course:

  •  Revealing and imparting attributes to the object of material culture

  •  Estimating the artistic and cultural value of an art work, and the category of it

  •  Organizing and archiving the work to the best quality standard to be published and  presented to the public

 

Learning about the principles of old masters and their individual techniques by using diverse types of materials:

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  • Unfolding of the course is performed from basic to complex. Student learns the theory and immediately puts it into practice, while organizing scientific project research

  • Students identify and accentuate course goals through learning different materials

       Monitoring the quality of knowledge comprehension:

  • Testing and checking theoretical knowledge and methodical set ups in practical assignments of restoration of oil paintings

  • Step by step controlling methodical performance through following the goals of a restoration process

  • Establishing independent assignments as homework for conservative-restoration process practices

  • Consultating on scientific documentation 

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